HRL Laboratories, Limited Liability Company, Malibu, California (http://www.hrl.com) is a corporate research-and-development laboratory owned by The Boeing Company and General Motors. The company provides custom research and development and performs additional R&D contract services for its LLC member companies, the U.S. government, and other commercial companies. Its role at the forefront of graphene science makes its parent companies, Boeing and General Motors, ideal candidates for inclusion in a graphene stock and shares portfolio.
For over 60 years, HRL’s team of scientists and engineers have been pushing the limits of technology, conducting pioneering research, advancing real-world technology solutions, and defining the state of the art. Such work ensures that they continue to be recognized as one of the world’s premier physical science and engineering research laboratories.
HRL’s research collaborations with its LLC Member companies, government, commercial and academic institutions are realizing groundbreaking advances in ultra-high-performance circuitry, robust computing and communications, automated data extraction, and innovative architected materials. The company’s technologies operate in space, on aircraft, in automobiles, and in a variety of consumer products and its success is the result of its collaborative team of researchers, many of whom are the leading experts in their fields.
HRL Laboratories, LLC, is currently engaged in applying its world-class research-and-development capabilities to the task of creating a new generation of carbon-based, radio-frequency (RF) integrated circuits as part of the Carbon Electronics for RF Applications, or CERA, program. The work, sponsored by the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA), utilizes the qualities of graphene technology for the creation of a new generation of components that will enable unprecedented capabilities in high-bandwidth communications, imaging, and radar systems.
Under the management of the Navy’s Space and Naval Warfare Systems Center (SPAWAR) in San Diego, Calif., HRL has been collaborating with a group of university, commercial and military research centers on the proposed 51-month program, which will consist of three phases to develop graphene-based RF circuits for ultra-high-speed, ultra-low-power applications.
“Graphene is a highly interesting material, and a technology based on a graphene-on-Silicon platform could revolutionize a number of military applications because of its high performance, scalability, integration, and low cost,” said Dr. Jeong-sun Moon, Senior Research Scientist with the Microelectronics Laboratory at HRL. “This new generation of transistors will provide the military community with better than state-of-the-art radio frequency (RF) components that have unprecedented capabilities.”
The development of sophisticated military imaging systems and high-bandwidth communications systems has been hampered by RF component cost, limited resolution, and high power dissipation. By exploiting the unique qualities of graphene, the HRL team proposes to change the way these systems are developed and powered at the integrated circuit level.
The team proposes to “grow” an organized layer of graphene carbon crystals on silicon-based wafers to create more efficient, scalable, and cheaper-to-manufacture transistors. During the first phase of the program, HRL will perform “graphene synthesis” using an innovative carbon molecular-beam epitaxy process developed by HRL to deposit the single crystalline layer of graphene carbon onto silicon substrate. The following two phases of the project will fabricate field-effect transistors on 100-mm wafers and then scale up the process to 200-mm.